About Underground Rome The Mithraeum of Circus Maximum Private Tour
Mithraism was one of the most diffuse mystical religions in the Roman world and many typical traditions of the Christian religion have derived inspiration from it sufficient to think that on December 25th Christmas is celebrated because this day represents the birth of Mithras. The Mithraeum was discovered in the course of work undertaken in the 1930s for the creation of scenery storage for the National Opera Theater at the old Pantanella Pastry Factory that the city of Rome bought in the 1920s to be a branch of the Roman museums. This vast building is identified as one of the second century A.D. modified many times and the ground floor was adapted to be a Mithraeum in the third century A.D. A magnificent relief in white marble evokes the ceremony called Tauroctony during which a bull is killed in the example of Mithras with Cautes Cautopates Sol and Luna at his side he raises his dagger against the sacrificial animal. The Mithraeum of the Circus Maximus is one of the largest locations of the cult of Mithras known in Rome and it features five parallel but separate chambers with a central sanctuary paved in white marble with two niches for statues of Caute and Cautopates and a place of honor which would have held a statue of Mithras. Includes - Hotel pick-up if option is selected - Expert archaeological guide - Entrance fee Excludes - Meals and drinks - Personal expenses - Tips and gratuities - Optional activity costs Please Note - Children 13 years old and below are free of charge. - Rates for groups of 7 and up are available. Please inquire. - Please be aware that this tour could be challenging for children under the age of 6 or those with mobility difficulties. Unfortunately there is no wheelchair access available. - It is recommended that you wear comfortable shoes and a light jacket as temperatures may be cooler.